Raspberry pi Expander Pi
- 16 channel digital input / outputs
- 8 channel 12 bit resolution analogue input (ADC)
- 2 channel 12 bit resolution digital to analogue output (DAC)
- Real time Clock (RTC) with CR2032 battery holder.
Expander Pi is a versatile digital and analogue expansion board. It allows you to connect your Raspberry Pi to switches, lights, sensors, and many other devices giving you a way to communicate with the outside world.
The Expander Pi plugs onto the GPIO port on your Raspberry Pi and can be securely fitted to the Raspberry Pi using the optional mounting kit. It is powered through the host Raspberry Pi using the GPIO port or via the on-board power connector. Extended pins on the GPIO connector allowing you to stack the Expander Pi along with other expansion boards.
Using the Expander Pi you can connect 8 analogue inputs, 2 analogue outputs and 16 digital input or outputs to your Raspberry Pi. The Expander Pi also features an on-board Real Time Clock (RTC) to ensure that your Raspberry Pi always has the correct date and time.
Mounting holes are provided so you can securely bolt the Expander Pi to your Raspberry Pi with our mounting kit (sold separately).
The 16 input and output channels, using MCP23017 16-bit I/O expander from Microchip Technology Inc, can be independently configured as either inputs or outputs with a maximum input of 5 volts on each channel.
The 2 channel digital to analogue converter is a 12 bit resolution using Microchip MCP4822 dual channel 12-bit DAC with an internal voltage reference.
The 8 analogue to digital converter is a 12 bit resolution using a Microchip MCP3208 8-Channel 12-Bit A/D Converters with SPI Serial Interface with a maximum sample rate of 100 ksps and includes a 4.096 volt precision voltage reference. Please note the maximum sample rate is dependant on the programming language used and the CPU speed and usage. A separate Vref pin is included allowing you to use an external voltage reference. If you do choose to use an external voltage reference you will need to disconnect the onboard voltage reference IC by removing the solder bridge from jumper J1. Failing to remove the J1 solder bridge when using an external reference could cause damage to the onboard voltage reference or your external reference circuitry.
The Real Time Clock uses the DS1307 RTC real time clock and a CR2032 battery to maintain the date and time when the main system power is not available.
Warning: Do not connect the Expander Pi to your Raspberry Pi when the power is connected without a CR2032 battery installed. This can cause damage to the DS1307 RTC chip.
The Expander Pi uses a CR2032 button battery (battery not included).
Due to the use of the SPI bus and fixed addresses on the I2C bus the Expander Pi can not be stacked along side the ADCDAC Pi Zero or RTC Pi. Only one Expander Pi can be used on a Raspberry Pi.
The I2C address for the MCP23017 digital I/O chip is set to 0x20, if you use the Expander Pi with an IO Pi Plus/Zero you will need to ensure that the addresses for the IO Pi chips are not set to 0x20.
If you want to power the Raspberry Pi from the USB connector and use a separate supply for powering the Expander Pi we recommend that you remove the solder bridge "JUMPER" next to GPIO pin 1 on the Expander Pi, disconnecting it from the Raspberry Pi 5V pins.
Note for MCP4822 LDAC pin: The Expander Pi is supplied with the LDAC pin on the MCP4822 DAC connected to ground disabling the LDAC functions. The LDAC pin can be connected to the GPIO 25 pin on the Raspberry Pi GPIO header by removing resistor R3 and bridging the pads on R4 with solder or a 0R resistor.
Note for changes in version 2.1:
- U3 74HC4050D replaced with a TXB0108PWR. U3 is used for level shifting the SPI bus from 3.3V on the Raspberry Pi to 5V.
- Resistors R3 and R4 were added to allow the LDAC pin on the MCP4822 to be connected to ground or GPIO25 on the Raspberry Pi GPIO header.
- The schematic for version 2.0 can be downloaded here.
Legacy Expander Pi Versions
Ratings & Specifications
- Vdd (isolation jumper removed): 4.5V - 5.5V
- Voltage at I/O Pins: 0 - Vdd
- Current at I/O Pins (sourced or sunk): 25 mA
- Maximum current on all I/O pins combined: 125 mA
- Maximum ADC Input Voltage when using on-board voltage reference: 4.096V
- Maximum ADC Input Voltage when using an external voltage reference: 5V
- Maximum External Reference Voltage: 5V
- Analogue input type: single-ended or pseudo-differential pairs
- All inputs and outputs w.r.t. VSS: -0.6V to VDD +0.6V
- Max ADC Sample Rate: 100,000 samples per second Under Python 2.7 on a Pi 3+: 4400 samples per second.
- Maximum output voltage at Gain 1: 2.048V
- Maximum output voltage at Gain 2: 4.096V
- Maximum output current: 25 mA
The Expander Pi is supplied with the 40 pin GPIO connector and the CR2032 battery connector unsoldered.
Before using the Expander Pi you will need to solder both connectors onto the PCB. We suggest soldering the 40 pin GPIO connector first and then the battery connector. Soldering the battery connector first will make it difficult to access some of the pins on the GPIO connector.
PCB Header Assembly Jig
Download and print our PCB Header Assembly Jig to hold your circuit board when soldering the header pins.
The Expander Pi uses the SPI port and I2C addresses 0x20 and 0x68, please ensure that any additional expansion boards do not have an address conflict with these I2C addresses.
The Expander Pi can be stacked with the following boards.
- 1-Wire Plus / Zero
- ADC Plus / Zero (i2c address needs to be changed using selection jumpers)
- ADC Differential Pi (i2c address needs to be changed using selection jumpers)
- IO Pi Plus / Zero (i2c address needs to be changed using selection jumpers)
- Servo Pi Zero
- Serial Plus / Zero
The Expander Pi is not compatible with the following boards:
- ADC DAC Pi Zero
- RTC Pi Plus / Zero
|Raspberry Pi Model A|
|Raspberry Pi Model B|
|Raspberry Pi 1 Model A+|
|Raspberry Pi 1 Model B+|
|Raspberry Pi 2 Model B|
|Raspberry Pi 3 Model B & 3+|
|Raspberry Pi 4|
|Raspberry Pi Zero|
|Raspberry Pi Zero W|